This is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the saffron crocus. Crocus is a genus in the family Iridaceae. The saffron crocus, unknown in the wild, probably descends from Crocus cartwrightianus, which originated in Crete.
The saffron crocus is a triploid that is "self-incompatible" and male sterile. The domesticated saffron crocus, Crocus sativus, is an autumn-flowering perennial plant unknown in the wild. Its progenitors are possibly the eastern Mediterranean autumn-flowering Crocus cartwrightianus which is also known as "wild saffron".
Saffron is widely used to cure many ailments. It is a tonic for heart, improves eye sight, purifies blood, increases energy and development of brain. It is prescribed for the patients of kidney stones and ENT diseases. It has powerful anti cancer, anti depressant and anti-oxidant properties.
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